It’s no surprise that early retirement articles tend to be really popular. I imagine that there are cubicles full or workers all around the world whose hopes lift each time they read the eye catching headline about the power couple who quit their jobs at 30 and are now living a life of leisure. If only life were that simple.
Unfortunately, one’s own early retirement roadmap is going to be very heavily influenced by a bunch of factors including your age, how much cash you bring in, whether you’re part of a “power couple” and whether you’ve got any dependents who are relying on you not to provide them a life time of Ramen Noodles and Pizza .
Retiring at 30 simply isn’t possible for us (actually for both the wife and I, that landmark has come and gone!). Retiring at 40 still is theoretically possible, but I’m really going to have to knock it out of the park with some holdings in either the growth portfolio or the venture portfolio!. Though given the recent performance of the Venture Portfolio, that could be a distinct possibility :).
Given the likelihood that I’ll miss both 30 and 40 as early retirement windows, I really have my heart set on 45. I think for more and more people in the workforce, an early retirement in their 50′s is increasingly becoming of an option . I’d dearly love the flexibility that a few extra years in my 40′s could provide. It would be great to be able to take some extended vacations, maybe do a spot of travel and enjoy all that life has to offer while still having energy and enthusiasm to do it all.
As the years progress, the odds of some joy-killing ailment increasingly emerge, and all those dreams of doing those things at retirement in your 60′s once you have all this cash gradually dim. I know my wife and I have seriously discussed being able to get to a stage where at some point within the next 10 years we can really look at having the flexibility to walk away if we want to.
I’m convinced that being able to have the option to walk away from it all, if we truly want, within the next 10 years, is a realistic outcome. Here’s where my blueprint from what an early retirement should look like for us
This is going to be the the horse that does the heavy lifting for us in retirement. The combination of dividends plus rental income should see us comfortably pass $65k passive income within the decade. While it’s a little fear inducing to even contemplate actively living off just this income and nothing else, we have already started down the path of trying to integrate the passive income into our financial plan to see how dependable this income is.
Once this kids are out of daycare and in school, we expect to see a nice expense tailwind that we will ride to retirement. Expense wise, I feel that we should have reasonably good coverage of our expenses with this level of passive income.
There are a couple of concerns that I have with the nature and structure of our passive income however.
Aussie Exchange Rate
Right now, Australian dividends will probably account for almost 50% of the near term passive income. Assuming equal growth of the Australian and non Australian passive income, I’d expect Australian sourced passive income to represent close to 35-40% of future passive income in a decade also.
While such a high dependence on the Australian dollar to fund passive income may have been okay when we had plans to return back to Australia, such a large dependence on the Australian dollar is not ideal or optimal at present, given our plans to remain in the US for a more extended period of time.
Investment Income Taxation
The beauty about having dividend income and extra back up income in the form of potentially realizable capital gains is the generous taxation treatment of this income. This $60k in passive income is worth more than than a $60k wage income, not only because it can effectively be pulled out at concessional rates of dividend taxation, but also because I won’t have to pay a raft of other taxes including social security and medicare taxes on this income.
At least, that’s the position today. Who know’s what changes future governments may make to the taxation of investment income (both dividends and long term capital gains).
Even in the event that taxation of investment income increases, a $60k wage equivalent will still go quite some way to keep us in good shape.
Retirement & Growth Assets
To pad the passive income kitty a little more, we should have a nice stash of assets in the 401k as well as other growth and venture assets that should be available to be disposed off if required by that time. Maxing out the 401k plus employer contributions should continue to add a steady $40k annually in retirement assets, which should continue to grow over time.
I think the biggest issue that we’ll have to contend with if we are actually able to hit our target at 45 and have enough cash to meet our expense needs is exactly what the heck do we do with all our time during the day. i think that’s one of the biggest challenges for early retirees. Frankly, I can’t see a blog sustaining all my spare time. Perhaps it may mean just shifting to a role that’s part time or just several hours a week.
Although I don’t really feel like what I’m doing now is actually “work” in the traditional sense. It feels more like an enjoyable passion that I’m able to exercise. Of course, we’ll see if that same feeling survives all the way through the next 8 years. Corporate environments being what they are, that’s highly unlikely. If by some miracle it does however, that would be an interesting question to deal with at that time.
We’ll still have school going kids. There won’t be any real option to just disappear and take off for a few months. That will have to wait till they are in college! The question then really is, what do we do in the time between when they are at school and when they are home. I’m not really the TV type. Starting most, if any new business takes much time and hard work.
Still I guess having the option at the relevant time is the key thing. Hopefully I’ll have more of a solid idea what to do if we are lucky enough to have the option to do whatever we want independent of income and cash at that time.
Post Retirement Location
This is also something that we’ve tossed around. Being out on the east coast of the US takes it toll during the winter, particularly for someone who has grown up with and has a love of warmer weather. In any case, we’re committing to sticking around here for the duration of our kids schooling.
But no way I’m going through an extra winter beyond that if we don’t need to. Heading back to Australia could be an option (the free healthcare sounds pretty appealing compared to a high cost deductible plan, but I would have been out of Australia for an awfully long period by then). Somewhere warmer in the US could be a real option too.
Combining good weather and a low cost of living is probably the ideal combo. It’s a good thing we still have quite a few years still to settle on somewhere appealing